By Odeon Odalo
A school is a place where children learn go, to read and write or learn. In many parts of the world, the school is a learning community: a place to acquire knowledge or education.
It is an educational institution, where persons who have acquired skills to impact knowledge called teachers share knowledge with children, who come from different family backgrounds.
Ownership of Schools
In terms of ownership, there are public schools and private schools. Public schools are owned and funded by the government, using funds from citizens who pay taxes. This means that the constitution of the school managements, the staff such as teachers and the facilities for learning such as Classrooms, Libraries, Laboratory, Boards and Books etc are provided by the government.
Private schools are set up by individuals, groups, NGOs and faith based organizations. Some private schools are for profit. Others are not. Private schools need approval or licenses from the government to operate. In turn these schools pay taxes to the government.
Requirements for setting up private schools:
Although the requirements for setting up private schools varies from State to state, the Education authority in each state has the final approval for a school to be set up. There are however, basic requirements for setting up a private school in Nigeria and includes:
This refers to the location and takes into account, the population of the locality of the school, distance from the nearest public or private school, nearness to factories, highway and security.
After citing the school, the next requirement is getting the necessary approval of the Education authority for the school. The authority requires that the school proprietor to
*show evidence of tax payment,
*have qualified and trained teachers,
and meet other conditions indicated on the application form to set up a school.
The school must show evidence of classrooms, library, laboratories, staff room, proprietor’s office, borehole, toilet facility and buy the school bus, chairs and tables, desks, boards, computers, office equipment,
Funding is also required in the area of working capital to ensure that the school remain functional. In this case, the details of how it will generate revenue are required.
To set up a school and keep it running by setting targets, meeting them, and maintaining standards, requires motivated staff and enthusiastic pupils/students whose performance, will elicit interest in sponsors or parents/guardian support for the school.
All schools schools are grouped into:
This is a school where babies and infants below 2 years of age are cared for during the day, so that their parents can have time for themselves like to go to work. The other name for crèche is Daycare. Crèche incorporates Montessori classes in some cases. The crèche is divided into additional units, based on age with each having its own teachers, assistants and their own eating, sleeping, learning, play arrangements.
This is the school for children who are too old for crèches and in such age range as 3 – 5years. Children in this class play and learn at the same time.
This is also referred to as elementary school and refers to the education children receive before secondary school but after nursery/preschool. Primary school is compulsory for most children in Nigeria because it is the foundation of all learning. Children who attend primary schools are aged between 5-12years.
Secondary school in Nigeria is made up of junior secondary and senior secondary. It is the last 6 years of final education before going for higher education in a polytechnic or university. Children who attend secondary are of the 11 – 18years age category. The school offers vocational, technical and college preparatory courses.